Kerala Mumps outbreak: Over 11,000 cases reported in less than 3 months; 10 points


With more than 2500 cases of mumps being reported in Kerala in a month, the state is experiencing a mumps outbreak, reported Indian Express citing a Union Health Ministry official. Kerala reported 190 cases of the virus in a single day on March 10, Sunday. Given the situation in the state, the National Centre for Disease Control in the state has been alerted, reported the English Daily.

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According to IE,  there have been 2,505 cases of the viral infection in March. Whereas, around 11,467 cases have been reported over two months of 2024.

What is Mumps?

Mumps is a viral infection caused by the spread of paramyxovirus. The virus can be spread through direct contact or airborne droplets from the upper respiratory tract of an infected person. A person suffering from mumps begins to see the symptoms after two to four weeks of getting infected. One of the significant symptoms of the disease is the swelling of the salivary glands.

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Mumps outbreak in Kerala | 10 points

-In Kerala, most of the cases of the virus have come from Malappuram district and other northern parts of the state.

-Apart from Kerala, other states have also reported mumps outbreaks over the past few months. Savadatti Yallamma town of Belagavi district in Karnataka reported 84 infections from the virus a few weeks ago, reported Hindustan Times. According to the health department, 84 children under the age of 12 have been infected till now.

-The virus is more common among children. For prevention, children can take the mumps-measles-rubella (MMR) vaccine against the disease, say health experts. 

-People suffering from mumps are likely to experience pain, tenderness, and swelling in one/both parotid salivary glands, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

– Swelling in the glands is maximum within one or three days. However, it diminishes itself within a week. There have been cases when the jawbone’s angle beneath the ear becomes obscured because of swelling.

-However, swelling on other salivary glands is quite uncommon in this infection and is complained by nearly 10% of the cases most of the time.

-Apart from swelling, people suffering from mumps infection can also experience mild fever lasting three to four days, muscle pain, loss of appetite, general discomfort, and headaches.

-Mumps infection may also cause symptoms related respiratory tract. In some cases, the infection can be completely asymptomatic.

-There are also chances of reinfection after a natural infection. In some cases, people can also develop recurrent parotitis.

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Published: 12 Mar 2024, 04:22 PM IST



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